Advent is a season of longing, of expectation, of hope. That’s why we read from the OT prophets, particularly the prophet Isaiah. Today’s reading is from Isaiah of Jerusalem (last Sunday’s was from Trito- Isaiah and next Sunday from Deutero-Isaiah: two prophets who lived later than the first Isaiah). Isaiah of Jerusalem prophesied from about 740-701 BC. It was a time when the Assyrians had already conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel and was on the verge of conquering the Southern Kingdom of Judah which included Jerusalem. Today’s reading talks of a time of peace in which Jerusalem will not be besieged by armies but everyone will stream toward it to receive the instruction of God. It will be a time of peace for the whole world. Swords will be turned into plowshares. Let us pray that Isaiah’s prophesy will be realized and people will learn to live with each other in peace!